Sankhya Yog – Chapter Two | Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta Sanjay Ki Nazar Se

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Sankhya Yog

Lord Krishna or our supreme God  starts by inducing in Arjun a desire for knowledge. He does this by pointing out that his state of confusion is not worthy of respect hence is dishonourable and unsuitable for righteous people. He then goes on to remind Arjun of the consequences of illusion, which are hurt, notoriety, failure in life, leading to the  degradation of the soul.

Lord Krishna says this feeling of discomfort is felt by all and more so when we are confused  but it is not the natural condition of the soul.  He says that feeling of annoyance, if correctly channelled, can become a commanding impetus leading towards the highest knowledge.

The moments in our life when we are facing pain,rejection and other dilememas is the time a resolution of doubt occurs which helps a person acquire an indepth understanding than before. So we can say that Lord Krishna (the supreme God) sometimes deliberately puts a person in chaos, so that he or she may be propelled  to search for knowledge and move towards the state of higher bliss and on a road towards nearness with the Lord. The final outcome is that when the doubt is finally resolved, that person reaches a higher level of understanding.

Shree Krishna goes on to explain that the the feelings Arjuna is experiencing is neither moral duty nor true sympathy; rather, it is expression of grief and delusion. It has its roots in weakness of mind.A weak mind only faces such delusions , If his behavior was truly based on wisdom and mercy, then he would experience neither confusion nor grief but would be able to suitable comprehend the correct path of Righteousness.

He propounds that Bheeshma and Dronacharya and the others who are on the opposite side are all people  worthy of his reverence and love. Bheeshma  no doubt was considered  the embodiment of chastity.. To treat these men of high merit as enemies now seemed dreadful to the noble-minded Arjun. If getting in dispute with these respected elders was improper, according to Arjuna,so he says  then how could he ever think of attacking them with weapons? What arjun implies here is, “O Krishna, please do not  heve doubt  on my courage and valor. I am prepared to fight. But from the perspective of moral duty, my duty is to respect my teachers and to show compassion towards them.”

Arjun commiserates that, if he did kill these noble elders, tainted with their blood, and so much of bloodshed  his sense of right and wrong ie his consciouss  would not let him enjoy all the royal benefits of ruling the kingdom even though he may win over the three worlds.All the victory would simply be useless for him.

Arjun’s situation is not exclusive.We mortal beings also face a similar dilemma in our day to day lives  This is perpetually the condition we sometimes find ourselves in as we go through the expedition of life. We want happiness, but we undergo misery; we have a thirst for  knowledge, but are unable to lift the cloud of ignorance; we crave perfect love, but repeatedly meet with disappointment. Our college degrees, acquired knowledge, and mundane scholarships do not provide solutions to these perplexities of life. We need divine knowledge to solve the puzzle of life.and this is exactly what you would find in a simplified form in “ Bhagwad Gita ,”. Such is the path Arjun has decided to take.

In sharp contrast to Arjun’s words of weeping and lamenting , Shree Krishna smiled, displaying that the situation was not making him despair; rather he was perfectly happy with it. Such is the all pervasive attitude exhibited by someone with knowledge in all situations.

With our incomplete understanding, we find faults with the situations we are in—we criticize and complain about them, wish to run away from them, and hold them responsible for our shortcomings and misery. But the enlightened souls inform us that the world created by God is perfect in every way, and both good and bad situations come to us for a divine purpose. They are all arranged for our spiritual evolution, to push us upward in our journey toward perfection. Those who understand this secret are never disturbed in difficult circumstances, facing them with serenity and tranquility.

Lord Krishna explains  that those who are surrendered to God simply do their duty in all situations, without being affected by outcomes. Such persons never lament because they accept all circumstances as God’s grace.

Shree Krishna begins by explaining that the entity that we call the “self” is really the soul, not the material body, and is eternal, just as God himself is eternal.

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